Cotton

Quick Overview

Cotton is a major employment generator worldwide due to its use in the textile and clothing industry. One fifth of world’s cotton is sourced from Africa.

Burkina Faso, Mali, Egypt, Tanzania are amongst the producers of cotton in the continent, though more then a dozen of other African countries produce Cotton which is a relatively easy crop to cultivate.

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Description

Cotton Exporter Africa

Cotton is a fluffy, soft fiber that grows in a boll around the seeds of cotton plants. Cotton pant is a shrub and native of tropical and subtropical regions of the world, including Africa, Egypt, America, and India. The greatest diversity of cotton species is found in Africa, Mexico, and Australia. Cotton is a major employment generator worldwide due to its use in the textile and clothing industry. One-fifth of the world’s cotton is sourced from Africa. Burkina Faso, Tanzania, Mali, Egypt are some of the mass producers of cotton in the continent.

The quality of African cotton is the best in the world as it is handpicked as compared with machine harvesting. This process takes much longer, but it also gives major benefits. The hand pickers work in a careful and environmentally sound way picking only the completely mature fiber bolls. Handpicked cotton is also cleaner and has less chemical contamination as it does not use defoliant. Also, cotton grows best in warm climatic conditions with plenty of sunshine which is abundant in the continent. The high quality of African cotton is further improved by providing training programs to smallholder farmers, teaching them modern, efficient growing methods with minimum use of pesticides. This also helps increase yield and the quality of fibers.

The cotton fibers are made into a wide variety of fabrics ranging from lightweight voiles and laces to heavy sail-cloths and home furnishings, and industrial uses. Fabrics made of cotton are extremely durable and resistant to abrasion. Also, cotton accepts many dyes, is washable, and can be ironed at high temperatures.